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miércoles, 6 de marzo de 2013

Usher's Essay


Information for Cover: 

"Usher's Essay" 



United Nations Flag or Symbol: 4 x 5 cm. 

Name
Group
English Teacher
Date
Committee:______________

(All in Blacks, Cambria 16)


Using the following format: 

Title: Blacks, Cambria 16
Subtitles: Blacks, Cambria 14.
Rest of the document:  Regular, Cambria 12.

Please write an essay answering the following questions.


  1. What is the United Nations Organization?
  2. What is a Model of United Nations? When did it start and why?
  3. Select a Committee from the present Model at Instituto La Paz and explain what it is about. 
  4. According to the selected committee. Explain why the topics of said committee are worldwide importance. 
  5. What IB attributes do students put into practice during a Model of United Nations? 



Date to deliver: Wednesday, March 13th, 2013. 
Bring 2 Copies. 
Give one to your English Teacher and the other to Miss Vicky. 

Good Luck! 

Valid Only for Selected Ushers. 

Rest of the Students wait for instructions. 



martes, 5 de marzo de 2013

Binder


Binder Elements

As negotiator you could be aggressive, friendly, kind or noble, however no mater what kind you are, you need information based on true facts in order for you negotiation to come through. Noting the words before here are some recommendations to prepare in order for you to be the best in your committee without struggling with not knowing about any other country's positions. 

1. Cover
2. Position Paper A
3. Position Paper B
4. Backgrounds A
5. Backgrounds B
6. Appendixes
7. Appendixes per Country, this can be PP from each country if given.
8.White Papers per Country.
9. Preambulatory Phrases
10. Operative Phrases
11. Example of a Resolution Paper.
 Taken from

12. CD-Rom with all Docs + PPT if used
The cd-rom is always useful in case you need to print any other information you didn't feel like having in you binder. Remember that computers will always be available during a debate, although not all the time. 

Resolution Paper

What is a Resolution?



}resolution is a  solution to a problem or how an issue should be tackled by the United Nations. However, the author of the resolution being a delegate, the paper should represent the interests of the country and put forward the appropriate views. 


It consists of one, rather long, but easy to understand sentence related to the issue, your countries’ believes in the problem and the solution.


This sentence is divided into two basic parts:

1.The pre-ambulatory
2.Operative sections.

 The pre-ambulatory section explains the problems using current events and past UN actions. 

The operative section states a proposed solution, often in many parts, to the problem.
Each clause is preceded by a phrase.

(Example Pre-ambulatory Section.) 

General Assembly Third CommitteeSponsors: United States, Austria and Italy
Signatories: Greece, Tajikistan, Japan, Canada, Mali, the Netherlands and Gabon
Topic: “Strengthening UN coordination of humanitarian assistance in complex emergencies
The General Assembly, 

Reminding all nations of the celebration of the 50th anniversary of theUniversal Declaration of Human Rightswhich recognizes the inherent dignityequality and inalienable rights of all global citizens[use commas to separate preambulatory clauses,

Reaffirming its Resolution 33/1996 of 25 July 1996, which encourages Governments to work with UN bodies aimed at improving the coordination and effectiveness of humanitarian assistance,

Noting with satisfaction the past efforts of various relevant UN bodies and nongovernmental organizations, 

(Introduce of the Operative Section, and Operative Section itself… ) 

Stressing the fact that the United Nations faces significant financial obstacles and is in need of reform, particularly in the humanitarian realm, 

1. Encourages all relevant agencies of the United Nations to collaborate more closely with countries at the grassroots level to enhance the carrying out of relief efforts; [use semicolons to separate operative clauses]

2. Urges member states to comply with the goals of the UN Department of Humanitarian Affairs to streamline efforts of humanitarian aid;

3. Requests that all nations develop rapid deployment forces to better enhance the coordination of relief efforts of humanitarian assistance in complex emergencies; 

4. Calls for the development of a United Nations Trust Fund that encourages voluntary donations from the private transnational sector to aid in funding the implementation of rapid deployment forces; 

5. Stresses the continuing need for impartial and objective information on the political, economic and social situations and events of all countries;

6. Calls upon states to respond quickly and generously to consolidated appeals for humanitarian assistance; and

7. Requests the expansion of preventive actions and assurance of post-conflict assistance through reconstruction and development.[end resolutions with a period]

}STEP 1

The three following elements should always appear on your resolution:

}COMMITTEE:
QUESTION OF:
SUBMITTED BY:

}STEP 2

Then, start write up your
preambulatory clauses, using the following parameters:

}Using a preambulatory phrase.
Underlining opening phrases
Ending each
preambulatory clause with a comma
Skipping a line after each
preamb'

STEP 3

Once your
preambulatory clauses are drafted, write your operative clauses following these rules:

Starting each operative clause with a number
Using a operative phrase.

Underlining opening phrases
Ending each operative clause with a semi-colon
Skipping a line after each clause
Ending the resolution with the following statement and a final point. 

Preambulatory Clauses


}The preamble of a draft resolution states the reasons for which the committee is addressing the topic and highlights past international action on the issue. Each clause begins with a present participle (called a preambulatory phrase) and ends with a comma. 

Preambulatory Phrases
}Affirming  
} Alarmed by
}Approving
}Aware of
}Bearing in mind
}Believing
}Conscious about
}Confident
}Contemplating
}Convinced Declaring
}Deeply concerned
}Deeply disturbed
}Desiring
}Emphasizing
}Expressing its satisfaction
}Expressing its appreciation
}Fully alarmed
}Fully aware
}Fully believing
}Further deploring


Operative Phrases

}Accepts
Affirms
Approves
Authorizes
Calls
Calls upon
Condemns
Confirms
Congratulates
Considers
Declares accordingly
Deplores
Designates
Draws the attention
Emphasizes
}Encourages
Endorses
Expresses its appreciation
Expresses its hope
Further invites
Deplores
Designates
Draws the attention
Emphasizes
Encourages
Endorses
Expresses its appreciation
Expresses its hope
Further invites
Further proclaims
Further reminds
}Further recommends
Further requests
Further resolves
Has resolved
Notes
Proclaims
Reaffirms
Recommends
Regrets
Reminds
Requests
Solemnly affirms
Strongly condemns
Supports
Takes note of
Transmits
Trusts

Sponsors and Signatories

}Sponsors of a draft resolution are the principal authors of the document and agree with its substance. Although it is possible to have only one sponsor, this rarely occurs at the UN, since countries must work together to create widely agreeable language in order for the draft resolution to pass. Sponsors control a draft resolution and only the sponsors can approve immediate changes.


Signatories are countries that may or may not agree with the substance of the draft resolution but still wish to see it debated so that they can propose amendments.
A certain percentage of the committee must be either sponsors or signatories to a draft resolution in order for it to be accepted.

Friendly and Unfriendly Amendments

}friendly amendment is a change to the draft resolution that all sponsors agree with. After the amendment is signed by all of the draft resolution's sponsors and approved by the committee director or president, it will be automatically incorporated into the resolution.

}An unfriendly amendment is a change that some or all of the draft resolution's sponsors do not support and must be voted upon by the committee. The author(s) of the amendment will need to obtain a required number of signatories in order to introduce it (usually 20 percent of the committee). Prior to voting on the draft resolution, the committee votes on all unfriendly amendments.


Resolutions

}Resolutions passed by a committee represent a great deal of debate and compromise. They are the tangible results of hours if not days of Model UN debate. As a result, it is important to become familiar with the resolution process and practice drafting resolutions using the proper structure and wording.

lunes, 4 de marzo de 2013

Committees and Topics




RAMÓN CRUZ-CAMARILLO 
SECRETARY GENERAL 

MAYTE GÓMEZ
UNDER SECRETARY GENERAL

MANUEL RUBIOSUB-SECRETARIO GENERAL COMITÉS EN ESPAÑOL 


  IF YOU ARE A DELEGATE AND YOU DO NOT KNOW YOUR COUNTRY CHECK THIS LINK:  

http://pazmun2013.blogspot.mx/2012/12/committees-and-delegates.html
  
TYPE CRTL (F) OR (B) AND FIND YOUR NAME.


  •  Committees and Topics


1.    General Assembly (GA)

President: David Madrigal Trejo

Chair: Leslie Nila León

Moderator: Paola Estrada

Conference: Daphne Cortes 



 ·      Topic A: Unemployment presented in European and American countries due to the current economical crisis.
·      Topic B: Deal with the debt problems in developed and third world countries with national and international measures in order to make the debt sustainable.



2.    Security Council (SC)


President: David Madrigal Trejo

Chair: Gabriel Hernández

Moderator: Xiadani Larios

Conference: Vanessa Farango



·      Topic A: The aid of civilians with humanitarian and food help due to the hostilities caused by Siryan troops.



·      Topic B: Measures to give more security to the journalists that are threatened and punished by drug cartels due to their articles about the drug war.


3.    United Nations Commission on the Status of women (UNCSW)


President: María José Ibarra De La Peña 

Chair: Tamara Vargas 

Moderator: Salim Rivera

Conference: Edgar Morfín 




·     Topic A: Increase the number of posts occupied by women in the House of Representatives.

·      Topic B: Eliminate gender disparity in education.




4.    Arab League (AL)

President: Carlos Ignacio Alvarez Castellanos

Chair: Jimena Huerta

Moderator: Leomar Olmos

Conference: Mónica Santoyo




·      Topic A: The responsibility of the United States of America in the belic conflicts presented in Arab countries.

·    Topic B: Measures to implement the universal education in all Arab countries. 



5.  World Health Organization (WHO)


President: Denisse  Escalera Suárez

Chair: Karen Castañeda

Moderator: Gabriela Nohemi Ramírez 

Conference: María José Delgadillo



·      Topic A: Increasing HIV/AIDS awareness in 12-24 year olds.
·      Topic B: Measures to reduce child mortality between 5 and 10 year olds by 2020.


6.    United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (UNCCPCJ)


President: Victoria Flores García

Chair: Martín Becerril

Moderator: Aranza Hernández

Conference: Gisselle Vargas




·      Topic A: Marijuana legalization in countries as a form to stop illegal drug dealing. 

·      Topic B: Measures to avoid the illicit weaponry flow from Developed Countries to Third World Countries.




7.    United Nations Children`s Fund (UNICEF)

President: Guiomar Farid Torres

Chair: Thania Estrada

Moderator: Nayelhi Alcázar 

Conference: María Fernanda López Portillo




·      Topic A: Measures to prevent the school dissertation and the promotion of the educational alternatives for adolescents and young adults worldwide.

·      Topic B: Improving national and international adoption process in order to increase the number of legal adoptions and avoid violations to children's rights. 


8.    Comisión de Derechos Humanos (CDH)


President: Alejandra Mata Mardegain

Silla: Frida Valseca

Moderador: Alfredo Alarcón Valencia

Oficial de Conferencia: Arturo Suárez






·  Tópico A: Maneras de lograr una difusión internacional acerca de “La declaración universal de los Derechos humanos” así como su aplicación en todos los países pertenecientes a las Naciones Unidas.

·  Tópico B: Maneras para prevenir y erradicar las violaciones a los derechos humanos por parte de grupos extremistas de ultra-derecha.



9. Corte Internacional de Justicia Bilingûe.



Presidente: Rodrigo Coria


Vice-presidente: Marco Sánchez Hernández

Beraue: Andrés Daniel de Lara Caballero


Asunto 1: Cooperacion internacional de los países bajos (Serbia) para extraditar un nacional serbio involucrado en un robo a mano armada en 2007 a los Emiratos Árabes Unidos (Serbia VS. Emiratos Árabes Unidos).

Asunto 2: Aceptación de la asistencia judicial reciproca en relación de extradición de material ocupado para cuentas fraudulentas en Egipto. (Egipto V. Estados Unidos de America)








10. XIII Cumbre Iberoamericana (Una nueva vía de desarrollo) (Mexico, D.F)



Presidente: Manuel Rubio

Silla: Sayonara Soto Vargas
Moderador: Maria Ximena Perez 
Oficial de Conferencia: Aura Vargas Velazquez




TÓPICO A: Agrupación e integración de los grupos indígenas para fortalecer la cohesión social y economía en los Países latinoamericanos.
TÓPICO B: Legalización de la Marihuana conforme el marco jurídico de los Países iberoamericanos en fin de promover el desarrollo empresarial y cesamiento de los narcotraficantes. 

 

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